Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorder in which an individual experiences high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus is due to the fact that either the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or cells of the body are not responding to the secretion of pancreas. Insulin is actually a hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin helps cells all the way through the body absorb and use glucose for energy. There are various types of Diabetes including Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes. There are numerous reasons responsible for the diabetes problem such as Genetic Susceptibility, Autoimmune Destruction of Beta Cells, Obesity and Physical Inactivity, Insulin Resistance, Abnormal Glucose Production by the Liver, Beta Cell Dysfunction, Endocrine Disease, Autoimmune disorders, Medications and Chemical Toxins, Lipodystrophy and Environmental Factors.

Various symptoms of unprocessed diabetes includes weight loss, polyuria (increased urination), polydipsia, polyphagia, blurry vision, headache, fatigue, slow healing of cuts, and itchy skin. The management of diabetes includes lifestyle modifications, Pancreas transplant surgery and medications. Various medications are available for lowering the blood glucose levels such as Actos, Forxiga, Onglyza-Saxagliptin, Starlix, Precose, Januvia, Glucovance, Glucophage, Diamicron MR, and Amaryl

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