Anti-Cancer

Cancer is a group of diseases concerning abnormal cell growth with the prospective to invade or extend to other parts of the body. Uncontrolled continuous multiplication of cells causes accumulation of abnormal cells is a mass of cells called a "tumor". A tumor can be either benign or malignant. Benign tumors are non-cancerous and are rarely life threatening, like breast lumps while malignant tumors are cancerous and have tendency to spread to other parts of the body.

Anticancer medicines are also known as Antineoplastic drugs, which are effective in the management of malignancies, or cancerous growths. These medicines may be used alone, or in combination with other therapy or with other treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. There are several major categories of anticancer medicines such as Alkylating agents, antimetabolites, natural products, and hormones. The choice of anticancer drug depends on many factors such as type and origination of the cancer, its severity, whether surgery or radiation therapy should be used with medicines, and the side effects allied with the drugs.

Anti-cancer medicines are commercially available: Paclitaxel, Methotrexate, Vinblastine, Vincristine, Tamoxifen, Streptozocin, Procarbazine, Mitomycin, Dacarbazine, Ethinylestradiol, Cisplatin, Cyclophosphamide, Chlorambucil, Carmustine, Busulfan, Tamoxifen, Sorafenib, Geftinib, Bleomycin, and Everolimus.

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